“Where do correct ideas come from?” Chairman Mao asked. Apart from those who immediately dismiss Mao for his brutality and communism, compare his answer to David’s:
“Do they drop from the skies? No. Are they innate in the mind? No. They come from social practice, and from it alone; they come from three kinds of social practice, the struggle for production, the class struggle and scientific experiment. It is man’s social being that determines his thinking. Once the correct ideas characteristic of the advanced class are grasped by the masses, these ideas turn into a material force which changes society and changes the world.
In their social practice, men engage in various kinds of struggle and gain rich experience, both from their successes and from their failures. Phenomena of the external world are reflected in a brain through five sense organs, the organs of sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch.
At first, knowledge is perceptual. The leap to conceptual knowledge, to ideas, occurs when sufficient perceptual knowledge is accumulated. This is the first stage in the whole process of cognition, the stage leading from objective matter to subjective existence to ideas.”
Simply, knowledge is interactive, developed through senses and experience into ideas that go beyond our immediate environment, while recognizing the restraints of that environment and finding means to change. As usual, David thinks the restraints are in method only/ they are not.
Putting Grit in Its Place http://nyti.ms/27a9dIu