IS has made significant gains in Libya, controlling three Libyan cities: Derna, Sirte, and Subratha. Recent clashes between the Libyan Army of the Tobruk government and the militant group have taken place against the backdrop of Libyan oil facilities in Al-Sedra and Ras Lanuf, a crucial revenue source for the political factions vying for control of the country. In January, IS seized the city of Beni Jawad, near Al Sedra and Ras Lanuf.
Last week, the Libyan parliament in Tobruk rejected the formation of a national unity government as part of a UN-backed plan to resolve the political crisis in Libya, following a vote on Monday.
Since 2014, Libya has witnessed a conflict between two parliaments and two governments. Each party is supported by several militias on the ground.